Body Dysmorphic Disorder

“A mental health disorder in which a person becomes obsessed with imaginary defects in their appearance. The worry and anxiety associated with the perceived fault becomes overwhelming and can dominate a person’s life.”

BDD is classified as an anxiety disorder and it’s believed to affect 1-2% of the population. It’s a mental illness that causes people to worry incessantly about the way they look. They often lose hours a day checking their reflection or working out in pursuit of the ‘perfect’ body and in extreme cases, withdraw from social settings or work because they feel they are too hideous. It might be their nose, their skin or even the length of their arms. People with BDD believe that 1 or 2 areas wreck their entire appearance. While most of us can name a feature or two that we wouldn’t mind improving, sufferers of BDD are completely consumed by their perceived flaw.The difference between normal body image concerns and BDD is repetitive behaviours. Someone with Body Dysmorphic Disorder might mirror- check for hours every day and constantly measure or weigh themselves or compare themselves to other people in real life or those on social media. Sometimes they’ll spend a couple of months or even years at a time fixated on one aspect of their appearance then it might shift and they’ll become concerned about a different aspect.

How It Happens

Similar to obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), a lot of behaviour associated with BDD is a result of misfiring in the amygdala region of the brain, which controls our emotions. It’s the part of the brain that sounds an alarm and makes us stressed if things aren’t right. The amygdala lights up in response to a stressful situation, but brain scans show it lights up randomly in sufferers of BDD, who then seek to attach something to the stress. They get super stressed out and search for a reason why, and for whatever reason, people with BDD attach that stressed- out feeling to how they look. They also have incredible attention to detail and also appear to have something wrong with their visual system. It’s like they see a jigsaw puzzle but they haven’t put it together- they see the little pieces and become very focused on a single thing and take it out of context. BDD affects men and women equally, it can run in families and people who have grown up with controlling parents or as a victim of childhood bullying appear to be at a higher risk.

Spotting The Signs 

Simply wanting to lose weight does not warrant a BDD diagnosis. A person with BDD may experience a significant amount of distress or become seriously anxious if they can’t their points or become super harsh on themselves and think they’re a failure. It’s normal to have fleeting moments of dislike for an area of your body. But for most people the moment passes and life goes on. Yet for sufferers of BDD there are certain behaviours that intrude on leading a normal life.

  • Checking. A person with BDD will spend hours a day checking themselves in the mirror, or any reflective surface, analysing their body. They’ll look, touch and feel their skin obsessively.
  • Comparing. Sufferers of BDD compulsively compare their own body, nose of other body part to others in magazines or online.They will always unfavourably compare.
  • Avoidance. Many people with BDD will avoid situations where they believe they’ll look worse (e.g beach, pool or environments with bright lights). In extreme cases, a person can become housebound, making jobs and relationships difficult to maintain.

The fact that BDD is still not widely known about or understood by the general public mans sufferers may endure the condition for years without recognising it. Most people with BDD won’t realise they’ve got it – they actually think they’re ugly. One of the simplest ways for sufferers to start to understand they may have BDD is to consider how their assessment of their appearance compares to what others think of them. Do people around you say, ‘Why are you on a diet? You have a beautiful figure’. Or, ‘Why do you need to lose weight, you’re the perfect size and shape’. If your assessment of yourself is at odds with those who love you, it may be an indication that you have BDD.

Know Someone With BDD? 

If a loved one constantly puts themselves down and stresses about aspects of their appearance, take these suggested steps:

  1. Reframe the problem. It might be tempting to try and reassure them that they’re beautiful but that won’t alter their perception of themselves. Reframe the problem in terms of ‘anxiety about appearance’ rather than appearance itself.
  2. Plant the seed. Most people with the disorder only discover it exists about 10 years after the onset, and so informing them that there’s this thing called BDD can be really helpful.
  3. Help them get help. St Vincent’s Hospital Eating Disorders Treatment and Recovery Service treats BDD or they can put you in touch with a therapist in your area.

While it may be hard to admit that you’re ashamed of your appearance, if you think you, or someone close to you, may have BDD, finding a psychologist or therapist with specific experience treating the disorder. Treatment may involve cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT), which helps change unhelpful thought patterns. 

Cardio Or Weights For Weight Loss?

Cardio Training

When we speak about cardio – the most popular types are walking, jogging and sprinting. Depending on your specific fitness goals there are certain types of cardio that are better suited to everyone. But generally speaking the human body needs to burn more calories (energy output) than we eat (energy input) in order to lose weight. Cardio is one form of exercise that can help contribute to this “energy output”. If your main fitness goals are to focus on FAT & WEIGHT loss then a low intensity steady state would be suited for you. Walking burns the most fat per calorie when compared to jogging and sprinting. Fat requires o2 (oxygen) in order to be broken down for energy. The lower the intensity, the more oxygen is available to be used by the body to break down fat. When jogging/ sprinting LESS o2 is available – meaning that your body will use different sources for energy like carbs for energy. No matter what the intensity levels are at – cardio is excellent to build and increase your fitness levels and stamina. 

Resistance/ Weight Training

When completing a steady state cardio (e.g jogging or walking at the same pace) this may burn more calories per minute BUT resistance training will continue to burn calories even after completing the workout! If you’re one to sit on the couch after training -your body is still working and burning off calories. This is called EPOC (Excess- Post- Exercise Oxygyen Consumption). The best part of resistance training is that you mainly lose FAT, rather than losing different ranges of muscle masses when cardio is completed. Losing muscle mass will mean your WEIGHT on the scale is lower, but may not give you the body you desire. Resistance training protects, shapes and maintains your muscles – and “tones” your body up to the shape you want it to be.

Cardio and Resistance training both have their advantages – but the best method for general weight loss is incorporating BOTH cardio and weight training. If in your case, your goal is to lose a large amount of weight cardio is a great way to increase your fitness levels and burning calories quickly. But to achieve that dreamy, toned and sculpted body of yours – you will need to add some weights into your workouts.

HIIT (High Intensity Interval Training) 

HIIT workouts are an awesome way to increase your body’s fat burning ability. Of course with everyday busy schedules, not everyone has the time for a long walk after work (multiple times a week), which is optimal for weight loss. BUT performing just a 15 minute HIIT session can actually burn more fat than going for an hour walk. High intensity interval training produces an ‘after- burn’ effect similar to what happends to your body after resistance training. This is a great training method that is time effective which gets your heart rate up fast and burns more fat in less time than ANY other workout.

Understanding Protein, Carbohydrates & Fats

Have you always wanted to know the truth about carbs, fats and protein? Find out how much of each of these you need daily and why, plus lots more. Use this fact sheet to understand what your body needs, and why you don’t have to frustratingly avoid certain foods that you want as part of your healthy living plan. 

CHO (carbohydrates), proteins and fats supply 90% of the dry weight of the diet and 100% of its energy. All three sources provide the body with energy, but the amount of energy in 1 gram differs:

  • 4 calories in a gram of CHO  or PROTEIN
  • 9 calories in a gram of FAT

These nutrients also differ in how quickly they supply energy to the body. CHO are the quickest – fats are the slowest. The body uses these basic units to build substances it needs for growth, maintenance and activity. CHO, proteins and fats are digested in the intestine, where they are broken down into their basic units:

  • Carbohydrates into sugars
  • Proteins into amino acids
  • Fats into fatty acids and glycerol

Carbohydrates – Simple VS. Complex

Simple CHO include table sugar, syrup, candy, cake, beer cookies and soda. These are the bad carbs which most of the time – should be avoided in large quantities! These are small molecules, so they can be broken down and absorbed by the body quickly and are the quickest source of energy. They quickly increase the level of blood glucose (blood sugar). Fruits, dairy products, honey and maple syrup contain large amounts of simple CHO, which provide the sweet taste in most candies and cakes.

Complex CHO include starches and fibers – (bread and pastas), other grains (rye and corn), beans and root vegetables (potatoes and sweet potatoes).

Because complex CHO are larger molecules than simple CHO, they must be broken down into simple CHO before they can be absorbed. They tend to provide energy to the body more quickly than protein or fat. Because they are digested slower than simple CHO, they are less likely to be converted to fat. They also increase blood sugar levels slower and to lower levels than simple CHO, but for a longer time.

If people consume more CHO than they need, the body stores some of these CHO within cells (as glycogen)  and converts the rest to fat. Glycogen is a complex CHO that the body can easily and rapidly convert to energy. Glycogen is stored in the liver and the muscles. Muscles use glycogen for energy during periods of intense exercise. The amount of CHO stored as glycogen can provide almost a day’s worth of calories. Neither low- carb diets nor low- GI diets are a magic pill for fat loss; the main thing is to eat the right amount of healthy foods that fuel metabolism, which in turn will help you burn fat. The important thing to remember is that your body needs carbs, especially if you are performing intense exercise. Without CHO your body will begin to break down your muscle tissue to fuel your body, which will sabotage your efforts. It’s not as simple as dividing complex carbs from simple ones. A great way to rate carbohydrate quality is the Glycemic Index (GI). It attempts to classify foods by how quickly they break down and high they boost blood sugar levels.

Protein is used by the body to repair muscle, bone, skin, teeth and hair among other things. It maintains and replaces tissues to function and grow –  without it, the entire structure of the body begins to break down. Unlike other nutrients, your body can not assemble protein by combining other nutrients, so it needs to be prioritised if achieving to be your best looking and healthiest body possible. Protein is one of the most metabolic macro-nutrients, meaning that the more protein you eat, the more calories you burn. If you’re going to overeat on macro-nutrients (protein, carbs or fats) protein is usually your safest bet – calories are still calories though so you can’t eat as much as you want. The body contains large amounts of protein which is the main building block in the body. Adults need to eat about 60 grams of protein per day (0.8g per KG of weight or 10-15% of total calories). Adults who are trying to build muscle need slightly more. Children also need more because they are growing. People who are limiting calories to lose weight need a higher amount of protein to prevent loss of muscle while they are losing weight.

Fat plays an important role in helping the general functioning of your body such as your heart, nerves and muscles. Fats are complex molecules composed of fatty acids and glycerol and the body needs fats for growth and energy. Fats are the slowest source of energy but the most energy- efficient form of food. Each gram of fat supplies the body with about 9 calories, (more than twice that supplied by proteins or carbs)  Because fats are such an efficient supply of energy, the body stores any excess energy as fat. The body deposits excess fat in the abdomen, under the skin – to use when it needs more energy. The body may also deposit excess fat in blood vessels and within organs – where it can block blood flow and damage organs which can cause serious disorders. There are different kinds of fats monosaturated, polyunsaturated and saturated fats. 

  • Saturated fats can increase your risk of heart disease and increases your blood cholesterol, in particular increaseing the bad (LDL) cholesterol. Saturated fat mainly comes from the fat you can see on meat and chicken, from dairy products and from some plant foods like palm and coconut oil. It can be found in processed foods like biscuits, pastries and takeway foods that have used ingredients like butter and palm oil.
  • Trans fat (trans fatty acids) are a different category of fat and are in foods that use hydrogenated vegetable fats, like deep-fried foods and baked foods like biscuits, cakes, pastries and buns.
  • Healthier fats include monounsaturated fats and polyunsaturated fats (omega-3 and omega- 6). Sources of monounsaturated fat include avocados, almonds, cashews, peanuts, cooking oils made from plants or seeds – canola, olive, peanut, soybean, rice bran, sesame and sunflower oils. These fats help the cholesterol balance in your blood by decreasing the bad (LDL) cholesterol and increase the good (HDL) cholesterol.


And there you have it. By now, hopefully you have learnt a lot of interesting facts all about carbs, fats and protein. We hope this may encourage you to make some what healthier choices when food shopping – knowing what all of these to do our bodies. Just remember calories are still calories, so you can’t eat as much as you want. 

Beat Your Junk Food Cravings

Create a food journal. Writing down every time you eat and what you eat for a week or two, can give you an insight to why you’re choosing junk food over healthy and whole foods. Do you notice that you might’ve grabbed something from a take away store because you forgot to pack something healthy that day? Or you can consider the reasons why you are incorporating junk food into your daily meals.

Identify your favourite comfort foods. Once you know what your favourite junk foods are, this can help you minimise them in your diet. A good idea is to go through your kitchen and remove all of those foods, without them in the house the less likely you are to eat them. Same for work, try not to have them around you in the office. Once you know what you crave – you can better manage it and plan for a healthy alternative.

Make healthy swaps. If you crave something sweet, instead of having a donut or a block of chocolate, which might satisfy your craving (but may also make you feel like CRAP and may come with a list of negative health problems) – try and substitute it for a slightly healthier option. Perhaps some yogurt with some fruit, which can still be a tasty snack but a whole lot better for you!

Write up a meal plan. This can definitely help you cut down on the amount of junk food you consume each day and create a whole new diet for you. Include your breakfast, lunches, dinners and all snacks. Remember to be realistic with your plan, it is okay to include meals that are eaten on- the- go, and also you may need to prepare and cook meals in advance if you are busy in the evenings. This leads us to the next point….

PREPARE AND COOK HEALTHY MEALS/ SNACKS.  Aim to include foods from each food group most days: grains, protein, fruits, vegetables and dairy, to help ensure you’re meeting all your daily nutrient goals. If you have less time to prepare meals during the working week – meal prep on the weekend and store your food in the refrigerator. When you’re grocery shopping for your food for the week, avoid shopping when hungry – because everything looks appealing. Make a shopping list and be specific with it, also try and stay out of the aisles that contain your fav junk food snacks. Pre-pack snacks with you to take to work to help you from going down to the cafe for a brownie. To help snacks more satisfying include lean protein, high fiber foods and some healthy fats – such as yogurt with fruit and nuts, peanut butter with some apple slices, mixed nuts, cheese, dips such as hummus with whole grain crackers or carrot sticks.


All You Need To Know About BOXING


Cardio is important for protecting yourself from heart disease, burning calories and lose/ maintain your weight. What comes to most peoples minds when they think cardio is hopping on a treadmill or the bike for an hour or two (yeah right, like any one wants to do that – BORING!) Cardio is meant to place a moderate amount of stress on your heart and lungs so that they’re challenged enough to make beneficial physiologic adaptations to support the higher level of physical activity. How your choose to place stress on your heart and lungs is up to you. If you manage to keep your heart rate up during your workout then absolutely you can punch, kick and jump your way to a healthy heart in your Fight Club classes!


To punch, kick and jump requires a decent amount of strength. During a boxing workout you may punch or kick hundreds or even thousands of times which requires your upper body, lower body and core to engage. In our Fight Club classes we also like to add in a few strength and HIIT exercises into the workout. Resistance training strengthens your bones and reduces the progression of osteoporosis. Using your body weight can also help you maintain or increase your lean muscle mass which is critical to keeping your metabolic rate burning at maximum capacity.


Hand- eye coordination and its affect on total health can play a very important role in a persons fine and gross motor skills. People with good hand- eye coordination tend to have better physical coordination as a whole. This can become particularly important during ageing, as coordination and balance become compromised, increasing the risk of falls. When you’re paired up with a partner and tasked with a drill you must be able to see the target, react to the target and hit the target, all while the target is moving an changing position. But with practise, your hand- eye coordination improves big time!


Almost any form of moderate/ vigorous physical activity can decrease stress. Exercise increases endorphins, boosts mood and works as a form of meditation which then improves sleep – all of which helps to reduce stress. Boxing is a option to let off some steam because you transition between high intensity bouts of exercise and moderate intensity recovery periods. When you’re pushing yourself through a couple of minutes of high intensity punching or kicking, you don’t have much mental power left to worry about your daily problems and dramas, you’ll be focused on breathing and mentally preparing for the next round.


Boxing is an incredible method for improving your body composition because it combines muscle- building strength training moves and high amounts of cardio which burns through calories. Improving your body composition is a goal for most people who want to lose weight or just increase their overall fitness levels. If you are regularly participating in a boxing program and following a nutritious eating plan – there’s no reason you won’t see changes in your overall shape.

Is There a Place for Children’s Personal Training These Days?

One on one training with children allows them to develop the necessary skills to correctly and safely perform strength and aerobic exercise activities. This form of supervised learning reduces the likelihood of injury occurring throughout their exercising lives and sets the foundation for the child to be able to work on their own in the future. In today’s society surrounded by technology and living more sedentary lives, it’s important to realise this lifestyle rubs off on our children which can lead to obesity and a whole host of other problems…. So what better environment to be in than in a positive personal training session with a qualified trainer, who children respect just as much as their teachers at school! Starting at a young age to be physically and mentally strong gives them a huge head start in life, leading them to be positive and also encouraging others to live the same way. Personal trainers have an opportunity to have an impact on reducing the high rates of obesity and diabetes growing among children, so what better way than with the support of teachers and parents, and in a PT session environment

Results in Motion Kids PT Program focuses on the required developmental skills that children should be able to demonstrate, by using a functional screening method for each age group. Inability to achieve the basic movements may lead to difficulty participating in sport, poor self- esteem when compared to other peers and a lack of confidence in movement based activities.

The main things we focus on in sessions are:

  • Balance
  • Strength Training
  • Proprioception Work
  • Unilateral Training
  • Gait Training
  • Compound Movements
  • Gross Motor Coordination

These are incorporated into our sessions by varying training intensities and programming LOW, MODERATE and VIGOROUS intensity exercises and activities that use different muscles and body parts. When strength training is being programmed a warm up and 10 minutes of general training assists injury prevention. Proper technique is always taught and monitored for simple and basic exercises with body weight or low weights used. When a muscle group is strengthened, the opposing muscle group is also strengthened in order to ensure the muscle imbalance does not occur.

Young aged children are suited to short bouts of high intensity aerobic exercise. To combine this type of training to increase their aerobic and anaerobic fitness levels, exercises in a fun game- like, play environment are completed to assist their motor skill development. Fun stimulating and supportive games with rules reinforced with colourful equipment are utilised for creative and educational activities in a safe environment. Body weight, compound movements, and multi- joint strength exercises using dumbbells improve the child’s overall posture and alignment and Plyometric training can also be used as a great method of improving their aerobic capacity and help with balance. 

Things that children may show progression in after our Kids PT program are:

  1. Coordination
  2. Movement/ Functional Screening Test results
  3. Gait Movements
  4. Balance
  5. Proprioception
  6. Movement in general

So all in all, with the overwhelming support for structured, supervised training for children, what better way to get them started than in a FUN PT session! Speak to your local Results in Motion trainer to arrange a complimentary session for your child today.

Boosting Your Happiness & Wellbeing


1. BE GRATEFUL! “You’ll find you shift your overall outlook on life when you come form a perspective of gratitude”. No matter what is happening in your life, there is always something to be happy and thankful for. This can be as simple as making a list of just 3 things you are grateful for everyday. A good idea is to recite at least 10 reasons why you’re grateful for your job – look for unexpected surprises such as ‘a beautiful view out of my office window’ or ‘pleasant people to eat lunch with’.

2. EXERCISE! It may come as no surprise to you all, that regular exercise is a proven mood booster – so if you’re not being active for your physical health DO IT FOR YOUR MENTAL HEALTH! Studies have even confirmed that just 30 minutes of exercise per day for 16 weeks is as effective as prescribed medication for people with mild/ moderate depression. Even if you don’t suffer from depression, the release of endorphins will increase your overall happiness and carry over into all other areas of your life.

3. TAKE DAILY RISKS. There’s no doubt that having a routine is important, but this may mean you could get stuck in a rut – which could lead you to not grow. Taking risks can be healthy and rewarding. Stepping out of your comfort zone once in a while can help you develop and grow as a person in many ways.

4. SURROUND YOURSELF WITH POSITIVE PEOPLE AND SCENTS/ SOUNDS! Our surroundings can affect our well- being. We are responsible for our own happiness so why not surround yourself with the right type of people, rather than people that might hold you back. A positive feeling can also be created at home with scents like essential oils that have different affects like  calming you down and increasing happiness (e.g lemon, peppermint or lavender). Listening to music or taking some time out to meditate to soothing sounds, depending what you’re in the mood for can also be great.

5. MINDFULNESS! Learning mindfulness allows us to stay present in the moment. Mental activities like meditation can actually change our brain. If you aren’t practising mindfulness and want to bring positive psychology into your life, mindfulness is a wonder tool that doesn’t have to be too complicated. This can also be as simple as being mindful about what you are doing in this moment like being mindful when you eat, when you talk to friends or when you see a beautiful sunset.

Happy face


The Importance Of Sleep In Fitness


Recovery time is highly crucial to a fitness routine because you repair/grow stronger muscle while you rest. True story – all the magic happens while you sleep! This is why you should pay attention to how much sleep you are getting every night. Getting into the habit of having the 7-8 hour recommendation of sleep may help you feel more energised, work out harder and build lean muscle quicker. When your muscles recover adequately, you are more likely to return to training stronger than before, not to mention the strength and potential size gains that can happen too. This is why sleep is so crucial, and it also improves your mental health and hormonal balance!


If you aren’t very active, you may not need as much sleep as a fitness fiend. Basically, the more active you are the more desperate your body is for rest. When you are well- rested, it means you are able to perform at your BEST capacity and who wouldn’t want to train like a beast? Training like a beast means MORE intense QUALITY gym sessions/ workouts and LESS long boring sessions with fatigue. If you are completing intense workouts, you may even need more than 8 hours sleep in order to effectively recover your muscles so you are prepared to smash out your next workout.


What the heck does diet have to do with how much sleep we are getting? Yep, even if you are eating healthy there are still many studies that show sleep deprivation is linked to weight gain and obesity – getting less than 7 hours of sleep a night may undo all of that clean eating!! Now there are several ways that chronic sleep deprivation may lead to weight gain:

  • Increasing how much food you are eating (the longer you’re awake the more you’ll need to eat right?)
  • Hormones may be thrown off (including the hormone that increases hunger and appetite)
  • Being awake for longer periods of time = becoming more hungry more often

When you don’t get enough sleep, especially consecutively over a few days, your body may become resistant to insulin (the master storage hormone). Excess insulin is harmful, because it ends up storing fat in all the wrong places. In conclusion, the insulin imbalance caused by lack of sleep has the potential to cause serious weight gain, which can lead to obesity and possibly diabetes.

It’s a bigger issue than we think so, try not to throw your schedule off and stay clear of foods that can be detrimental to your sleep intake like caffeine, alcohol, large amounts of protein, spices, sugar and diuretics before bed time!

Tips On How To Stay Motivated In Winter

1. SET SOME GOALS. There are proven studies that show that the most effective performance results from specific and challenging goals. When you are feeling unmotivated, focus back on what you’d like to achieve. Remember when making goals to: Start with short term goals (6-8 weeks to get there), be goal specific (making them measurable), make sure they are achievable (don’t set up to fail), and ALWAYS keep that goal in mind at all times.

2. FOCUS ON THE POSITIVES. We are all aware that when we are feeling unmotivated we can feel tired, depressed and pretty average. When you exercise, you are instantly more energetic, your stress levels reduce, your mood lifts and all round feel better about yourself. So use those positive feelings to increase your motivation levels and get yourself back on track!!

3. ADD SOMETHING NEW EACH WEEK. If you’re doing a certain type of style of training that is getting a little boring, chances are you are not going to want to do it. This, PLUS a lack of motivation can turn out to be a disaster! Try attending a different class if you are always attending the same ones, change your pace, or include new and slightly different exercises in your training. Your RIM PT’s are always here for some overall workout advice!

4. SIGN UP TO AN EVENT. The challenge of training for a new event like a fun run or an obstacle course can be a huge motivational lift. This means new goals, and a new purpose for getting to your exercise sessions could be your answer to getting you through those challenging winter times. Remember to have fun choosing something different, and to challenge yourself to do better than your previous performance in a past event.

5. BE ACCOUNTABLE. If it is not working out for you being accountable to yourself, then maybe it’s time to bring someone else in! Find someone new to train with or even the help of a PT so you can be accountable to them! You are more likely to show up to a training session if you are training with them because you wouldn’t want to let them down by not showing up. This will give you more motivation to train harder and better with some encouragement and some competition!

RIM’s Top 4 Health Myths That May Suprise You!


We all will hear an interesting health fact every now and then and sometimes it is hard to remember what source from. Whether it be a shit talking co-worker or a wanna be vegan, chances are that you believe something you shouldn’t.

#1 ALL THE EXERCISE IN THE WORLD WILL NOT MAKE UP FOR A POOR DIET. The most basic rule for weight loss is to eat and drink less kilojoules than you use. The human body uses a certain amount of kJs for everyday functions like breathing and pumping blood but the rest depends on how physically active you are. If you are eating/ drinking absolute crap all that time training won’t burn those kJs. Choose natural foods (fruits, vegetables, meat, fish and dairy products) that provide the most nutrients without the unnecessary bad stuff!

#2 SKIPPING BREAKFAST IS GOOD FOR WEIGHT LOSS. Absolutely NOT!!! The importance of brekky says it in the name – it helps to ‘break your fast’ after a long period of not eating. You will often find when people skip eating their breakfast they get super hungry by mid morning and reach for something quick and easy (which will, majority of the time be loaded with sugar or be high in fat). This tends to lead to a developed routine of not being able to stomach food in the morning. If this happens try hard to break this habit and get up earlier and try to do some physical activity (even walking) to get your appetite ready for breakfast.

#3 ALCOHOL HAS NEARLY AS MANY KILOJULES PER GRAM AS FAT. Sad, but true. I hate to break it to you all but each gram of alcohol has 29kJs, which is rising up towards a gram of fat (37kJ) and is way ahead of carbohydrates and protein (17kJ per gram). Oh and wait for it… this is BEFORE we factor in soft drinks and mixers (UH OH!!!!). Whether we like it or not this is the reality and unlike carbs or protein, alcohol has absolutely no benefit for the body – this is why we often hear alcohol referred to as ’empty kilojules’. Lay off the beers everyone!

#4 EVERY BIT OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY COUNTS. Everyday we consume energy from food and drink. Some of that energy goes towards moving our body and muscles while some of it goes to keeping us alive and in balance. The excess is stored in the body, usually as fat. Since every movement we make requires our muscles to burn energy – every move and step we take can have an impact on those EXCESS kJs. IT ALL HELPS! Taking the stairs as apposed to taking the lift up to the next floor can make a difference.